Personal freedom: additional data

Lane Kenworthy, The Good Society
October 2019


On most cultural and social issues, Americans have gotten increasingly liberal over the past half century. It could be that this is true only among Democrats. But the data suggest that Republicans, too, have moved in a liberal direction on a number of these issues.

Figure A1. Not opposed to a close relative marrying a black person
Share of adults. Question: “What about having a close relative marry a black person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening?” The lines show the share responding very in favor, somewhat in favor, or neither in favor nor opposed. Data source: General Social Survey (GSS),, series marblk, partyid.

Figure A2. Premarital sex isn’t wrong
Share of adults who say it is not wrong at all or wrong only sometimes “if a man and woman have sex relations before marriage.” Other response options: always wrong, almost always wrong. Data source: General Social Survey,, series premarsx, partyid.

Figure A3. Disagree that women should focus on home and children
Share of adults responding disagree or strongly disagree that “It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family.” Other response options: agree, strongly agree. Data source: General Social Survey (GSS),, series fefam, partyid.

Figure A4. Same-sex marriage should be legal
Share of adults who strongly agree or agree that “homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another.” Other response options: neither agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly disagree. Data source: General Social Survey,, series marhomo, partyid.

Figure A5. Marijuana use should be legal
Share of adults responding “legal” to the question “Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?” Other response option: illegal. Data source: General Social Survey,, series grass, partyid.