Soci 10: quiz questions

Lane Kenworthy
Winter 2017-18

POVERTY

1. True or false: The “Poor Kids” video shows that some poor families own their home and have a car, a flat-screen TV, and a computer.

a. True
b. False

2. True or false: According to the “Poor Kids” video, one thing low-income American families never worry about is having enough food.

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: According to the “Poor Kids” video, children in poor families rarely know or worry about their family’s financial circumstances.

a. True
b. False

4. True or false: One thing common to all three families in the “Poor Kids” video is that none of the adults were employed.

a. True
b. False

5. According to the “Poor Kids” video, a key barrier to employment for some American adults is

a. Lack of available jobs
b. Transportation
c. Physical and mental health problems
d. All of the above

LIFE AND DEATH

1. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin reports that the increase in death rates for white Americans has occurred mainly among the

a. Young
b. Middle-aged
c. Elderly

2. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin reports that the chief source of the increase in death rates for white Americans is

a. Drug overdoses, alcohol abuse, and suicide
b. Murders

3. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin argues that the key cause of the increase in death rates for white Americans is

a. An increase in the availability of opioid pain relievers
b. A worsening of whites’ position compared to their reference group

4. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin says the main reference group for white Americans is

a. Their parents’ generation
b. Black and Hispanic Americans

5. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin says that since the turn of the century growing numbers of white Americans

a. Are doing worse economically than African Americans
b. Are doing worse economically than their parents’ generation
c. Believe they are doing worse economically than their parents’ generation

MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION

1. The state of Washington legalized production, sale, possession, and use of small amounts of marijuana before California did. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman notes that after Washington did this, the price of marijuana in Washington

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same
c. Decreased

2. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman predicts that if California voters pass the proposed marijuana legalization initiative in 2016 (they did), the price of marijuana in California may fall to

a. 15 cents per stoned hour
b. $15 per stoned hour
c. $150 per stoned hour

3. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, over the past several decades, marijuana use among American adults has

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same

4. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, over the past several decades, frequent marijuana use (25 days or more per month) among American adults has

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same

5. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman predicts that if California legalizes small amounts of marijuana, frequent marijuana use among California adults is likely to

a. Increase
b. Stayed the same

INCOME INEQUALITY

1. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich asks “Is income inequality a problem?” His answer is

a. Yes
b. No

2. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% contributes to economic crises, including the 2008-09 crisis.

a. True
b. False

3. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% is bad for economic growth. The reason is that

a. The rich spend too much of their income, so higher inequality means too little saving and investment
b. The rich spend a smaller portion of their income than the middle class and the poor, so higher inequality means less consumer demand

4. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says rising income inequality is the main reason why incomes for ordinary Americans have grown slowly since the late 1970s.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% increases inequality of political influence.

a. True
b. False

CITIES

1. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that in previous eras economic booms led more Americans to move

a. To big cities
b. Away from big cities

2. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that in recent decades the cities that have had the largest population growth include

a. San Francisco, Boston, and New York
b. Charlotte, Phoenix, and Las Vegas

3. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that the reason cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York haven’t experienced much population growth in recent decades is that

a. Their economies have been stagnant and wages are low
b. Their housing is very expensive

4. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says the main reason housing costs are very high in cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York is

a. The demand for housing is too high, because so many people want to live there
b. The supply of housing is too low

5. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says the main reason housing supply is too low in cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York is

a. Legal restrictions on new building
b. Geographic barriers such as oceans and rivers

EDUCATION

1. According to the Ivory Tower video, the key problem caused by the high price of college is

a. Too few students from poor families are able to attend college
b. Skyrocketing student debt

2. According to the Ivory Tower video, key reasons for the large rise in the price of college include all of the following except

a. Rising salaries for professors
b. Rising expenditures on student housing, recreation centers, and other amenities
c. More administrators and higher administrator salaries
d. Growing availability of large student loans

3. According to the Ivory Tower video, the average college graduate in the US has a student loan debt of

a. $25,000
b. $250,000

4. True or false: According to the Ivory Tower video, in recent decades colleges have done a much better job of educating the average student.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: According to the Ivory Tower video, the most promising solution to the problems of cost and learning in American colleges is increased use of massive open online courses (MOOCs).

a. True
b. False

SAFETY

1. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says the increase in Chicago’s murder rate is part of a worldwide rise in killings, including wars, terrorist attacks, and murders.

a. True
b. False

2. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says murder rates have increased recently in all of America’s large cities.

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says the murder rate in Chicago is at an all-time high.

a. True
b. False

4. In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry argues that Chicago’s high murder rate in 2016 was due to

a. A reduction in police stoppings and arrests of suspected criminals
b. Lead in the city’s water
c. A spike in the number of young males

5. In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry reaches his conclusion about the key cause of Chicago’s high murder rate in 2016 by

a. Comparing Chicago with other large cities
b. Examining trends in Chicago over the past several decades
c. Comparing Chicago in 2016 with Chicago in 2015

HEALTH

1. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, obesity is defined as

a. Weighing more than 300 pounds
b. Having a body mass index of 30 or more

2. True or false: According to the video The Weight of the Nation, more than half of American adults are either overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 25).

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: According to the video The Weight of the Nation, the good news about obesity in the United States is that although it has increased among adults, it hasn’t risen among children.

a. True
b. False

4. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, what was the focus of the landmark Bogalusa Heart Study?

a. Differences in diabetes by race
b. The causes of cardiovascular disease in Americans
c. Differences in the consequences of smoking across nations

5. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, the highest rates of obesity in the United States are in

a. New England
b. The south
c. The west coast

GOVERNMENT

1. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw argues that higher taxes will have the effect of

a. Restricting individual freedoms
b. Weakening our economy

2. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw predicts that higher tax rates will reduce work effort by

a. Those with high incomes
b. The middle class
c. The poor

3. Proponents of progressive taxation say people with high incomes should contribute the most because they can afford to. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw says that he earns more than $250,000 a year …

a. but is barely making ends meet given Boston’s high cost of living
b. and can comfortably afford to pay more in taxes

4. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw says the tax rate he would pay on an additional $1,000 of earnings would be approximately

a. 30%
b. 90%

5. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw discusses which of the following pieces of evidence in support of his argument that higher taxes will weaken the economy?

a. How America’s economic growth has varied in periods of lower vs higher taxes
b. How America’s economic growth has differed from that of other rich nations that have higher taxes
c. Neither A nor B

POLITICS

1. In “California Is the Future,” Peter Leyden and Ruy Teixeira say the “new realities” that are making some Americans uncomfortable include all of the following except

a. Transformative new technologies
b. Racial and ethnic diversity
c. Terrorism

2. In “California Is the Future,” Peter Leyden and Ruy Teixeira say the key problems with modern American politics include all of the following except

a. Sexual harassment by male politicians
b. Political polarization and government paralysis
c. Citizens’ dissatisfaction with policy makers

3. In “California Is the Future,” Peter Leyden and Ruy Teixeira say California has been able to implement smart policies in recent years because

a. Democrats and Republicans have been willing to work together
b. The state is completely run by Democrats

4. In “California Is the Future,” Peter Leyden and Ruy Teixeira note that

a. Democrats have dominated politics in California since the 1930s
b. Democrats and Republicans were evenly matched in California as recently as the early 2000s

5. True or false: In “California Is the Future,” Peter Leyden and Ruy Teixeira say the many new policies put in place by California’s Democrats since 2010 have improved fairness but resulted in slow economic growth and fewer new jobs.

a. True
b. False

INCLUSION: WOMEN

1. In “The End of Men,” Hanna Rosin says women these days are faring better than they used to in our economy and society because

a. More women have adopted “male” traits such as individualism and aggressiveness
b. Today’s economy rewards “female” traits such as open communication and nurturing

2. In “The End of Men,” Hanna Rosin says the differences in behavior between women and men stems from

a. Biology
b. Socialization
c. Both A and B

3. In “The End of Men,” Hanna Rosin says that men have struggled to adapt to the new economy because

a. They’ve fallen behind women in educational attainment
b. They’ve been reluctant to enter jobs seen as “female”
c. Both A and B

4. True or false: In “The End of Men,” Hanna Rosin says that while economic developments in recent decades have favored women, we’re near the end of that trend, and the advantage will soon shift back to men.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In “The End of Men,” Hanna Rosin says males still tend to have the upper hand in less-affluent countries. In South Korea, for example, most parents prefer to have a boy rather than a girl.

a. True
b. False

INCLUSION: LGBTQs

1. True or false: Katie Couric’s video Gender Revolution says our genitalia doesn’t necessarily dictate the gender we identify as.

a. True
b. False

2. According to Katie Couric’s Gender Revolution, “intersex” babies, who have both female and male sex organs, are approximately

a. 1 out of every 2,000
b. 1 out of every 2 million

3. Katie Couric’s video Gender Revolution reports that over the past half century many “intersex” persons have been

a. Allowed to decide on their own which gender to identify as
b. Operated on shortly after birth to surgically impose a gender on them

4. According to Katie Couric’s Gender Revolution, a person whose gender identity is different from the one they were assigned at birth is

a. Cisgender
b. Transgender

5. True or false: In Gender Revolution, Katie Couric reports that one reason why some people are transgender is the amount of testosterone to which their brain is exposed during the second and third trimester of pregnancy.

a. True
b. False

CLIMATE CHANGE

1. In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore discusses a number of mistaken beliefs about climate change, including

a. Global warming is the result of normal, cyclical changes in the earth’s climate patterns
b. The earth is too large and too complex for human activity to affect the climate
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B

2. In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore says temperature measurements since 1850 indicate that many of the hottest years on record occurred

a. In the late 1800s
b. Between 1900 and 1920
c. Since 1990

3. In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore discusses other evidence that climate change is occurring, including all of the following except

a. Wet regions getting wetter and dry regions drier
b. Increased melting of glaciers and the polar ice caps
c. California’s drought

4. According to An Inconvenient Truth, over the past 40 years the Arctic ice cap has

a. Shrunk significantly
b. Stayed the same
c. Increased significantly

5. In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore

a. Says the cost of reducing carbon emissions would likely be less than 0.1% of GDP
b. Doesn’t provide an estimate of the cost

US MILITARY INTERVENTION ABROAD

1. In “Fight or Flight: America’s Choice in the Middle East,” Kenneth Pollack argues that the worst strategy for the United States to pursue in the Middle East would be to

a. Disengage from the region
b. Continue our current policy of limited engagement
c. Increase our intervention in order to stabilize the region

2. In “Fight or Flight: America’s Choice in the Middle East,” Kenneth Pollack says the most worrisome problem in the Middle East today is

a. Low oil prices
b. Nondemocratic governments
c. The civil wars in Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen

3. In “Fight or Flight: America’s Choice in the Middle East,” Kenneth Pollack says civil wars are worrisome because they tend to

a. Last for decades
b. Kill or wound lots of people and displace many others
c. Spill over into neighboring countries
d. All of the above

4. True or false: In “Fight or Flight: America’s Choice in the Middle East,” Kenneth Pollack says that since 1945 intervention by a “third party” (such as the US) in a civil war has always succeeding in ending the war.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In “Fight or Flight: America’s Choice in the Middle East,” Kenneth Pollack says that if America decides to step up our military intervention to try to end the four Middle Eastern civil wars, it will be important to first get authorization by the United Nations.

a. True
b. False

SOCIAL CONNECTIONS

1. In “Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation?,” Jean Twenge says the problem for American teenagers is

a. Smartphones
b. Social media
c. Both A and B

2. In “Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation?,” Jean Twenge says things began to get worse for American teenagers around

a. 1987
b. 2007

3. True or false: In “Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation?,” Jean Twenge says that smartphones and social media have worsened teens’

a. Physical safety
b. Mental health
c. Both A and B

4. In “Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation?,” Jean Twenge says that the rise in loneliness and unhappiness has occurred

a. Mainly among white teens in affluent families
b. Equally among teens from all incomes and racial/ethnic groups

5. True or false: In “Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation?,” Jean Twenge has a graph showing that teen unhappiness has increased significantly since 2007.

a. True
b. False

HAPPINESS

1. In “The Happiness of the People,” Charles Murray argues for an Aristotelian view of happiness, according to which happiness consists mainly of

a. Pleasurable experiences
b. Satisfaction derived through effort and accomplishment

2. In “The Happiness of the People,” Charles Murray says the key sources of happiness are

a. Family, vocation, community, and faith
b. Economic security and opportunity

3. Based on what he says in “The Happiness of the People,” Charles Murray’s explanation for why Americans aren’t happier would be

a. Too much religion
b. Too much government
c. Too much income inequality

4. In “The Happiness of the People,” Charles Murray says the reason why government social programs tend to reduce happiness is that they

a. Take the trouble out of things
b. Weaken capitalism and democracy
c. Encourage too much immigration

5. True or false: In “The Happiness of the People,” Charles Murray presents data showing that life satisfaction is higher in the United States than in “social democratic” countries such as Sweden and Denmark.

a. True
b. False