Soci 10 quiz questions

Lane Kenworthy
Winter 2017-18

POVERTY

1. True or false: The “Poor Kids” video shows that some poor families own their home and have a car, a flat-screen TV, and a computer.

a. True
b. False

2. True or false: According to the “Poor Kids” video, one thing low-income American families never worry about is having enough food.

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: According to the “Poor Kids” video, children in poor families rarely know or worry about their family’s financial circumstances.

a. True
b. False

4. True or false: One thing common to all three families in the “Poor Kids” video is that none of the adults were employed.

a. True
b. False

5. According to the “Poor Kids” video, a key barrier to employment for some American adults is

a. Lack of available jobs
b. Transportation
c. Physical and mental health problems
d. All of the above

LIFE AND DEATH

1. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin reports that the increase in death rates for white Americans has occurred mainly among the

a. Young
b. Middle-aged
c. Elderly

2. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin reports that the chief source of the increase in death rates for white Americans is

a. Drug overdoses, alcohol abuse, and suicide
b. Murders

3. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin argues that the key cause of the increase in death rates for white Americans is

a. An increase in the availability of opioid pain relievers
b. A worsening of whites’ position compared to their reference group

4. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin says the main reference group for white Americans is

a. Their parents’ generation
b. Black and Hispanic Americans

5. In “Why Are White Death Rates Rising?,” Andrew Cherlin says that since the turn of the century growing numbers of white Americans

a. Are doing worse economically than African Americans
b. Are doing worse economically than their parents’ generation
c. Believe they are doing worse economically than their parents’ generation

MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION

1. The state of Washington legalized production, sale, possession, and use of small amounts of marijuana before California did. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman notes that after Washington did this, the price of marijuana in Washington

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same
c. Decreased

2. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman predicts that if California voters pass the proposed marijuana legalization initiative in 2016 (they did), the price of marijuana in California may fall to

a. 15 cents per stoned hour
b. $15 per stoned hour
c. $150 per stoned hour

3. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, over the past several decades, marijuana use among American adults has

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same

4. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, over the past several decades, frequent marijuana use (25 days or more per month) among American adults has

a. Increased
b. Stayed the same

5. According to the “Why This ‘Horrible Idea’ for How to Legalize Pot …” article, drug expert Mark Kleiman predicts that if California legalizes small amounts of marijuana, frequent marijuana use among California adults is likely to

a. Increase
b. Stayed the same

INCOME INEQUALITY

1. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich asks “Is income inequality a problem?” His answer is

a. Yes
b. No

2. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% contributes to economic crises, including the 2008-09 crisis.

a. True
b. False

3. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% is bad for economic growth. The reason is that

a. The rich spend too much of their income, so higher inequality means too little saving and investment
b. The rich spend a smaller portion of their income than the middle class and the poor, so higher inequality means less consumer demand

4. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says rising income inequality is the main reason why incomes for ordinary Americans have grown slowly since the late 1970s.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% increases inequality of political influence.

a. True
b. False

CITIES

1. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that in previous eras economic booms led more Americans to move

a. To big cities
b. Away from big cities

2. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that in recent decades the cities that have had the largest population growth include

a. San Francisco, Boston, and New York
b. Charlotte, Phoenix, and Las Vegas

3. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says that the reason cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York haven’t experienced much population growth in recent decades is that

a. Their economies have been stagnant and wages are low
b. Their housing is very expensive

4. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says the main reason housing costs are very high in cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York is

a. The demand for housing is too high, because so many people want to live there
b. The supply of housing is too low

5. In “What Happened to the American Boomtown?,” Emily Badger says the main reason housing supply is too low in cities like San Francisco, Boston, and New York is

a. Legal restrictions on new building
b. Geographic barriers such as oceans and rivers

EDUCATION

1. According to the Ivory Tower video, the key problem caused by the high price of college is

a. Too few students from poor families are able to attend college
b. Skyrocketing student debt

2. According to the Ivory Tower video, key reasons for the large rise in the price of college include all of the following except

a. Rising salaries for professors
b. Rising expenditures on student housing, recreation centers, and other amenities
c. More administrators and higher administrator salaries
d. Growing availability of large student loans

3. According to the Ivory Tower video, the average college graduate in the US has a student loan debt of

a. $25,000
b. $250,000

4. True or false: According to the Ivory Tower video, in recent decades colleges have done a much better job of educating the average student.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: According to the Ivory Tower video, the most promising solution to the problems of cost and learning in American colleges is increased use of massive open online courses (MOOCs).

a. True
b. False

SAFETY

1. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says the increase in Chicago’s murder rate is part of a worldwide rise in killings, including wars, terrorist attacks, and murders.

a. True
b. False

2. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says murder rates have increased recently in all of America’s large cities.

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry says the murder rate in Chicago is at an all-time high.

a. True
b. False

4. In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry argues that Chicago’s high murder rate in 2016 was due to

a. A reduction in police stoppings and arrests of suspected criminals
b. Lead in the city’s water
c. A spike in the number of young males

5. In “The Bloody Lesson of Chicago’s 762 Murders,” Rich Lowry reaches his conclusion about the key cause of Chicago’s high murder rate in 2016 by

a. Comparing Chicago with other large cities
b. Examining trends in Chicago over the past several decades
c. Comparing Chicago in 2016 with Chicago in 2015

HEALTH

1. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, obesity is defined as

a. Weighing more than 300 pounds
b. Having a body mass index of 30 or more

2. True or false: According to the video The Weight of the Nation, more than half of American adults are either overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 25).

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: According to the video The Weight of the Nation, the good news about obesity in the United States is that although it has increased among adults, it hasn’t risen among children.

a. True
b. False

4. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, what was the focus of the landmark Bogalusa Heart Study?

a. Differences in diabetes by race
b. The causes of cardiovascular disease in Americans
c. Differences in the consequences of smoking across nations

5. According to the video The Weight of the Nation, the highest rates of obesity in the United States are in

a. New England
b. The south
c. The west coast

GOVERNMENT

1. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw argues that higher taxes will have the effect of

a. Restricting individual freedoms
b. Weakening our economy

2. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw predicts that higher tax rates will reduce work effort by

a. Those with high incomes
b. The middle class
c. The poor

3. Proponents of progressive taxation say people with high incomes should contribute the most because they can afford to. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw says that he earns more than $250,000 a year …

a. but is barely making ends meet given Boston’s high cost of living
b. and can comfortably afford to pay more in taxes

4. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw says the tax rate he would pay on an additional $1,000 of earnings would be approximately

a. 30%
b. 90%

5. In his article on taxes, Gregory Mankiw discusses which of the following pieces of evidence in support of his argument that higher taxes will weaken the economy?

a. How America’s economic growth has varied in periods of lower vs higher taxes
b. How America’s economic growth has differed from that of other rich nations that have higher taxes
c. Neither A nor B