Soci 181: quiz questions

Lane Kenworthy
Spring 2017-18

GLOBALIZATION: QUIZ 1

1. Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow focuses mainly on the flow of people in recent years

a. From Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan to other Middle Eastern countries and Western Europe
b. From Mexico and Central American countries to the United States
c. From western China to eastern China

2. According to Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, the people leaving Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan are mainly

a. Economic migrants seeking better jobs and higher wages
b. Refugees fleeing from war or persecution

3. True or false: In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says the experience of Sweden, the United States, and other rich nations that have let in large numbers of immigrants since World War II tells us that refugees and their descendants tend to never assimilate. Instead, they remain in a largely separate economic and social sphere.

a. True
b. False

4. True or false: In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says Sweden let in almost no refugees or other types of immigrants until a few years ago, when it adopted an “open borders” policy.

a. True
b. False

5. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub suggests that the new struggles Sweden is facing with refugees stem from the fact that

a. The number of incoming refugees is far greater than in earlier eras
b. The cultural differences between recent refugee immigrants and mainstream Swedes are greater than in earlier eras
c. Both A and B

GLOBALIZATION: QUIZ 2

1. True or false: In Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, nearly all refugees in the countries shown — Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Greece, Italy — live in official refugee camps administered by the United Nations and humanitarian aid groups.

a. True
b. False

2. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says that since Sweden began welcoming refugees during World War II, it has had a policy of delivering to them

a. The same extensive government benefits available to Swedish citizens — housing, health care, schooling, unemployment insurance, parental leave, etc.
b. Hardly any government benefits

3. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says the European country that has come closest to Sweden in its welcoming of large numbers of refugees in recent years is

a. Denmark
b. Germany
c. Hungary
d. United States

4. According to Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, the number of people in the world who have been displaced from their homes is approximately

a. 60 million
b. 600 million

5. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says anti-immigrant political parties have gotten more popular in most of the world’s rich democratic nations over the past decade. True or false: He says no such party has appeared in Sweden.

a. True
b. False

INCOME INEQUALITY: QUIZ 1

1. In “Income Inequality,” I show that in the United States

a. The top 1%’s share of income decreased between the late 1920s and the late 1970s, and then has increased since the late 1970s
b. The top 1%’s share of income has remained constant since the late 1920s

2. In “Income Inequality,” I show that in the US the top 1%’s share of income has increased since the late 1970s because

a. Incomes at the top have been stagnant, and incomes in the middle and below have decreased
b. Incomes at the top have increased rapidly, and incomes in the middle and below have increased slowly

3. In “Income Inequality,” I say the tax cuts of presidents Reagan (1980s) and Bush (early 2000s)

a. Are far and away the main cause of the rise in the top 1%’s income share in the US
b. Are one of a number of contributors to the rise in the top 1%’s income share in the US

4. In “Income Inequality,” I show that income inequality in the US between the middle and the bottom

a. Has increased a lot since the late 1970s
b. Hasn’t changed much since the late 1970s

5. In “Income Inequality,” I say that changes in government transfers since the late 1970s

a. Have done a lot to limit the rise in income inequality in the US
b. Have had little impact on the rise in income inequality in the US

INCOME INEQUALITY: QUIZ 2

1. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich asks “Is income inequality a problem?” His answer is

a. Yes
b. No

2. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% contributes to economic crises, including the 2008-09 crisis.

a. True
b. False

3. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% is bad for economic growth. The reason is that

a. The rich spend too much of their income, so higher inequality means too little saving and investment
b. The rich spend a smaller portion of their income than the middle class and the poor, so higher inequality means less consumer demand

4. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says rising income inequality is the main reason why incomes for ordinary Americans have grown slowly since the late 1970s.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% increases inequality of political influence.

a. True
b. False

CULTURE: QUIZ 1

1. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says the chief culture difference between older and younger cohorts is

a. Materialist versus postmaterialist values
b. Left versus right political views

2. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says materialist values result from growing up

a. With a feeling that survival is precarious
b. In a society with no poverty or homelessness

3. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says the shift from materialist values to postmaterialist values has occurred mainly via

a. People changing their views as they age
b. Cohort replacement

4. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart shows that in western societies materialist cohorts grew up before and postmaterialist cohorts grew up after …

a. World War II
b. The 1970s

5. True or false: In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart shows that people in richer (higher GDP per capita) nations are more likely to have postmaterialist values than people in poorer nations.

a. True
b. False

CULTURE: QUIZ 2

1. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the main determinant of why some individuals support “populist authoritarian” political parties and candidates while other individuals don’t is whether they

a. Feel threatened by the erosion of traditional values in their society
b. Are frustrated with their personal economic circumstances

2. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the main reason why voting for “populist authoritarian” parties has increased in rich democratic nations in recent decades is

a. The erosion of traditional values has accelerated, so more and more people who hold those values feel threatened
b. The less-educated half of the population has experienced declining incomes, declining job security, and rising income inequality

3. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris show that class-based voting, in which people with low incomes vote for the left and people with high incomes vote for the right, has declined in the world’s rich democratic countries. They say this is because

a. With basic security needs assured, people feel freer to vote based on social and cultural issues
b. Better-educated, higher-income people are the most likely to have postmaterialist, self-expression values such as tolerance of outgroups, and they therefore gravitate toward the political left
c. Both A and B

4. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the increase in voting for “populist authoritarian” parties in recent decades is a

a. Cohort effect
b. Period effect

5. True or false: In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the economic trends that have caused the rise in support for “populist authoritarian” parties are now beginning to reverse, so we should soon see a decline in support for these parties.

a. True
b. False