Soci 181: quiz questions

Lane Kenworthy
Spring 2017-18

GLOBALIZATION: QUIZ 1

1. Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow focuses mainly on the flow of people in recent years

a. From Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan to other Middle Eastern countries and Western Europe
b. From Mexico and Central American countries to the United States
c. From western China to eastern China

2. According to Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, the people leaving Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan are mainly

a. Economic migrants seeking better jobs and higher wages
b. Refugees fleeing from war or persecution

3. True or false: In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says the experience of Sweden, the United States, and other rich nations that have let in large numbers of immigrants since World War II tells us that refugees and their descendants tend to never assimilate. Instead, they remain in a largely separate economic and social sphere.

a. True
b. False

4. True or false: In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says Sweden let in almost no refugees or other types of immigrants until a few years ago, when it adopted an “open borders” policy.

a. True
b. False

5. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub suggests that the new struggles Sweden is facing with refugees stem from the fact that

a. The number of incoming refugees is far greater than in earlier eras
b. The cultural differences between recent refugee immigrants and mainstream Swedes are greater than in earlier eras
c. Both A and B

GLOBALIZATION: QUIZ 2

1. True or false: In Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, nearly all refugees in the countries shown — Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Greece, Italy — live in official refugee camps administered by the United Nations and humanitarian aid groups.

a. True
b. False

2. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says that since Sweden began welcoming refugees during World War II, it has had a policy of delivering to them

a. The same extensive government benefits available to Swedish citizens — housing, health care, schooling, unemployment insurance, parental leave, etc.
b. Hardly any government benefits

3. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says the European country that has come closest to Sweden in its welcoming of large numbers of refugees in recent years is

a. Denmark
b. Germany
c. Hungary
d. United States

4. According to Ai Weiwei’s film Human Flow, the number of people in the world who have been displaced from their homes is approximately

a. 60 million
b. 600 million

5. In “The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth,” James Traub says anti-immigrant political parties have gotten more popular in most of the world’s rich democratic nations over the past decade. True or false: He says no such party has appeared in Sweden.

a. True
b. False

INCOME INEQUALITY: QUIZ 1

1. In “Income Inequality,” I show that in the United States

a. The top 1%’s share of income decreased between the late 1920s and the late 1970s, and then has increased since the late 1970s
b. The top 1%’s share of income has remained constant since the late 1920s

2. In “Income Inequality,” I show that in the US the top 1%’s share of income has increased since the late 1970s because

a. Incomes at the top have been stagnant, and incomes in the middle and below have decreased
b. Incomes at the top have increased rapidly, and incomes in the middle and below have increased slowly

3. In “Income Inequality,” I say the tax cuts of presidents Reagan (1980s) and Bush (early 2000s)

a. Are far and away the main cause of the rise in the top 1%’s income share in the US
b. Are one of a number of contributors to the rise in the top 1%’s income share in the US

4. In “Income Inequality,” I show that income inequality in the US between the middle and the bottom

a. Has increased a lot since the late 1970s
b. Hasn’t changed much since the late 1970s

5. In “Income Inequality,” I say that changes in government transfers since the late 1970s

a. Have done a lot to limit the rise in income inequality in the US
b. Have had little impact on the rise in income inequality in the US

INCOME INEQUALITY: QUIZ 2

1. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich asks “Is income inequality a problem?” His answer is

a. Yes
b. No

2. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% contributes to economic crises, including the 2008-09 crisis.

a. True
b. False

3. In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% is bad for economic growth. The reason is that

a. The rich spend too much of their income, so higher inequality means too little saving and investment
b. The rich spend a smaller portion of their income than the middle class and the poor, so higher inequality means less consumer demand

4. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says rising income inequality is the main reason why incomes for ordinary Americans have grown slowly since the late 1970s.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In Inequality for All, Robert Reich says a higher income share for the top 1% increases inequality of political influence.

a. True
b. False

CULTURE: QUIZ 1

1. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says the chief culture difference between older and younger cohorts is

a. Materialist versus postmaterialist values
b. Left versus right political views

2. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says materialist values result from growing up

a. With a feeling that survival is precarious
b. In a society with no poverty or homelessness

3. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart says the shift from materialist values to postmaterialist values has occurred mainly via

a. People changing their views as they age
b. Cohort replacement

4. In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart shows that in western societies materialist cohorts grew up before and postmaterialist cohorts grew up after …

a. World War II
b. The 1970s

5. True or false: In “Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006,” Ronald Inglehart shows that people in richer (higher GDP per capita) nations are more likely to have postmaterialist values than people in poorer nations.

a. True
b. False

CULTURE: QUIZ 2

1. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the main determinant of why some individuals support “populist authoritarian” political parties and candidates while other individuals don’t is whether they

a. Feel threatened by the erosion of traditional values in their society
b. Are frustrated with their personal economic circumstances

2. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the main reason why voting for “populist authoritarian” parties has increased in rich democratic nations in recent decades is

a. The erosion of traditional values has accelerated, so more and more people who hold those values feel threatened
b. The less-educated half of the population has experienced declining incomes, declining job security, and rising income inequality

3. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris show that class-based voting, in which people with low incomes vote for the left and people with high incomes vote for the right, has declined in the world’s rich democratic countries. They say this is because

a. With basic security needs assured, people feel freer to vote based on social and cultural issues
b. Better-educated, higher-income people are the most likely to have postmaterialist, self-expression values such as tolerance of outgroups, and they therefore gravitate toward the political left
c. Both A and B

4. In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the increase in voting for “populist authoritarian” parties in recent decades is a

a. Cohort effect
b. Period effect

5. True or false: In “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris say the economic trends that have caused the rise in support for “populist authoritarian” parties are now beginning to reverse, so we should soon see a decline in support for these parties.

a. True
b. False

HEALTH

1. In the Sick Around the World video, T.R. Reid examines the health care systems of which countries?

a. United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, Taiwan, and Switzerland
b. Canada, Sweden, France, Australia, and South Korea

2. True or false: In the Sick Around the World video, T.R. Reid
says a large majority of citizens in all countries hate their health care system.

a. True
b. False

3. True or false: According to the Sick Around the World video, the upside of other rich nations’ health care systems is that everyone gets good care for free or low cost, while the downside in all of them is long waiting times for urgent medical procedures.

a. True
b. False

4. According to the Sick Around the World video, in Germany and Switzerland most health care is paid for by private health insurance companies, just as in the United States. The main difference is that

a. In Germany and Switzerland, there is no competition between insurance companies
b. In Germany and Switzerland, the insurance companies aren’t allowed to make a profit on basic care

5. True or false: In all five countries examined in the Sick Around the World video, all of the hospitals are government-owned and all doctors are government employees.

a. True
b. False

WORK AND FAMILY: QUIZ 1

1. In “Human Work in the Robotic Future,” Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson say the jobs most likely jobs to be replaced by robots are

a. Low-paying ones
b. High-paying ones

2. In “Human Work in the Robotic Future,” Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson say policy makers should be focused on

a. How to deal with the coming disappearance of jobs
b. How to create more jobs

3. True or false: In “Human Work in the Robotic Future,” Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson say policy makers’ top goal should be to protect full-time salaried jobs — the kind that gave rise to America’s large and prosperous middle class.

a. True
b. False

4. True or false: In “Human Work in the Robotic Future,” Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson say policy makers can increase jobs by

a. Reducing licensing requirements for certain occupations
b. Reducing barriers to entry for new firms that use new technology
c. Eliminating arbitrary distinctions between employees and independent contractors
d. All of the above

5. In “Human Work in the Robotic Future,” Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson advocate

a. A universal basic income
b. An increase in the Earned Income Tax Credit

WORK AND FAMILY: QUIZ 2

1. In “In the Season of Marriage, a Question,” Andrew Cherlin says the share of Americans who will get married at some point in their life is now around

a. 33%
b. 80%

2. True or false: In “In the Season of Marriage, a Question,” Andrew Cherlin says that according to a recent Pew Research Center poll, nearly 100% of Americans think the “growing variety in the types of family arrangements that people live in” is a bad thing.

a. True
b. False

3. In “In the Season of Marriage, a Question,” Andrew Cherlin says the core reason so many Americans still get married is

a. Economic necessity
b. To make sure their children aren’t born out of wedlock and thus seen as “illegitimate”
c. To show family and friends how well their lives are going

4. In “In the Season of Marriage, a Question,” Andrew Cherlin says marriage is more common among Americans with

a. Low education
b. High education

5. True or false: In “In the Season of Marriage, a Question,” Andrew Cherlin says the chief reason why fewer less-educated American women get married these days is that fewer of them want to have children.

a. True
b. False

EDUCATION: QUIZ 1

1. According to the video The Raising of America, a key reason why 40% of American mothers return to work before their newborn is 3 months old is that

a. The US has no universal paid parental leave program
b. Most Americans prefer higher income over spending time with their children

2. True or false: The video The Raising of America shows that most childcare in the US is affordable but of poor quality.

a. True
b. False

3. The video The Raising of America describes how the United States already has universal high-quality affordable child care in

a. The military
b. Vermont
c. San Francisco

4. The video The Raising of America suggests that the best reason for paid parental leave and early education is

a. Facilitating employment by American mothers
b. Improving the cognitive ability of American children

5. According to the video The Raising of America, on a composite measure of child well-being, the United States ranks

a. Among the best
b. Among the worst

EDUCATION: QUIZ 2

1. In “What Good Is Education?,” I say the chief aim of schooling is to

a. Enhance people’s ability to make informed choices about life goals and to effectively pursue those goals
b. Increase economic growth

2. In “What Good Is Education?,” I say education helps individuals by improving

a. Cognitive abilities
b. Noncognitive skills
c. Both A and B

3. In “What Good Is Education?,” I say the best measure of educational attainment is

a. Years of schooling completed
b. Skill assessments
c. It depends

4. True or false: In “What Good Is Education?,” I conclude that education is good for individuals on virtually all outcomes.

a. True
b. False

5. True or false: In “What Good Is Education?,” I conclude that education is good for countries on virtually all outcomes.

a. True
b. False

COMMUNITY: QUIZ 1

1. In “The Age of Individualism,” what evidence does Ross Douthat offer that individualism is becoming more prominent in the United States?

a. Millennials are more individualistic than previous cohorts
b. The typical American becomes more individualistic as she/he gets older

2. True or false: In “The Age of Individualism,” Ross Douthat says the core feature of millennials’ attitudes actually is commitment to left-wing politics, not individualism.

a. True
b. False

3. In “The Age of Individualism,” Ross Douthat says that millennials’ rejection of traditional sources of community has led them to seek new forms of community

a. In religion
b. Online

4. In “The Age of Individualism,” Ross Douthat discusses Robert Nisbet’s book The Quest for Community, published in 1953, which argued that the rise of individualism in place of traditional sources of community tends to lead to

a. An increase in tolerance and inclusion
b. Fascism, communism, and other forms of submission to control by cult leaders

5. In “The Age of Individualism,” Ross Douthat says the irony of millennials’ embrace of the internet and social media is that it

a. Requires a surrender of personal privacy
b. Leads millennials to support conservatives like Donald Trump

COMMUNITY: QUIZ 2

1. In “Broken Societies,” Christian Larsen argues that the key determinant of trust in a society is

a. Education
b. Crime
c. Economic inequality

2. In “Broken Societies,” Christian Larsen says when there is more economic inequality, people tend to think a larger share of society is part of the

a. “Untrustworthy bottom”
b. “Trustworthy middle”

3. In “Broken Societies,” Christian Larsen says we are more likely to trust people we perceive to be in the middle because we think they

a. Have little to win and a lot to lose by cheating
b. Tend to be college-educated

4. In “Broken Societies,” Christian Larsen says we are less likely to trust people we perceive to be at the bottom because

a. The media frequently portray them as lazy and irresponsible
b. We think they are more likely to be immigrants or members of a minority racial or ethnic group
c. Both A and B

5. In “Broken Societies,” the evidence on which Christian Larsen bases his conclusion that economic inequality is a key cause of trust is that over the past several decades trust

a. Has decreased significantly in the US and the UK and increased significantly in Denmark and Sweden
b. Is closely correlated with economic inequality across 20 or so rich democracies

DEMOCRACY: QUIZ 1

1. According to Alex Gibney’s film, Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream, the rise of income inequality in the United States in recent decades has been

a. Good for our democracy
b. Bad for our democracy

2. Alex Gibney’s film, Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream, suggests that businesses and wealthy Americans get what they want in policy making by influencing

a. Republicans
b. Democrats
c. Both Republicans and Democrats

3. In Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream, Alex Gibney interviews a former lobbyist (Jack Abramoff) who says the reason lobbyists have a lot of influence over congresspersons and Senators is that the lobbyists

a. Have the resources needed to develop strong evidence-based arguments
b. Donate money to reelection campaigns

4. True or false: Several of the people interviewed in Alex Gibney’s film, Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream, say part of lobbyists’ influence owes to the fact that they write bills containing what they want, which a legislator can then submit to the Senate or House of Representatives.

a. True
b. False

5. According to Alex Gibney’s film, Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream, what businesses and wealthy individuals have mainly sought to get from policy makers is

a. Improvements to our educational system
b. More support for the oil industry
c. Lower taxes

DEMOCRACY: QUIZ 2

1. In “Why Democracy Fails to Reduce Inequality: Blame the Brahmin Left,” Asher Schechter says rising income inequality in western Europe and the United States has produced growing support among the citizenry for

a. More generous redistributive policies
b. Far-right populist parties

2. In “Why Democracy Fails to Reduce Inequality: Blame the Brahmin Left,” Asher Schechter says a key reason for the growth in support for right-wing populism is that left parties, when they’ve been in power,

a. Haven’t tried to reduce income inequality
b. Have tried an array of policies that have failed to reduced income inequality

3. In “Why Democracy Fails to Reduce Inequality: Blame the Brahmin Left,” Asher Schechter says that according to French economist Thomas Piketty, left and center-left parties no longer represent working-class and lower-middle-class voters. Instead they represent

a. Business elites
b. Intellectual elites

4. In “Why Democracy Fails to Reduce Inequality: Blame the Brahmin Left,” Asher Schechter says that according to French economist Thomas Piketty, the reason left and center-left parties shifted their focus from working-class voters to college-educated voters is that

a. College-educated voters increased in number and they increasingly voted for left and center-left parties
b. College-educated voters have more money to donate to election campaigns

5. In “Why Democracy Fails to Reduce Inequality: Blame the Brahmin Left,” Asher Schechter says that according to French economist Thomas Piketty, in the United States and France the traditional political division between left and right is being replaced by a division between

a. Globalists and nativists
b. Materialists and postmaterialists